What Are The Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms?

What Are the Differences Among Psychedelic Magic Mushroom Strains?

There are over 200 species of Psilocybe mushrooms. Each of these types of psychedelic mushrooms has visually special characteristics in addition to varying degrees as well as ratios of three psychotropic substances– psilocybin, psilocin, as well as baeocystin. A few of one of the most prevalent types are P. azurescens, P. cyanescens, P. semilanceata, as well as P. cubensis (which is the most widely known as well as quickly cultivated).

There are also hundreds of “strains” or “subspecies” which have actually been genetically isolated and categorized by both expert mycologists and recreational shroom fanatics. While taxonomically these strains are all taken into consideration participants of their respective varieties (as well as many are P. cubensis), they also can differ dramatically in appearance, conditions needed for cultivation, and strength.

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Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms: Species

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Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms: Strains

This introduction to mushroom strains and varieties might appear contradictory or confusing. That stated, an useful example for comprehending the differences can be drawn between Cannabis and also Psilocybe mushrooms. The separation of marijuana varieties into indica, sativa, as well as ruderalis represents the separation of Psilocybe species into azurescens, semilanceata, cubensis, and so on. At the same time, the splitting up of marijuana strains like Critical Mass, Purple Kush, and also Jack Herer represents mushroom strains like Penis Envy, Golden Teacher, and also Blue Meanie.

Unlike marijuana, where the going across of genetics incorporates plant qualities to produce a new weed strain, mushroom strains typically start with a desirable mutation, such as being albino or growing specifically big mushrooms. These random mutations can be chosen and also duplicated for numerous generations from the biggest, healthiest mushrooms of each life process, to produce a new strain in a process referred to as “isolation.”.



The impacts, period, as well as beginning of the psychoactive experience given by various types as well as strains (in addition to many various other variables) can vary rather significantly amongst shrooms. Nonetheless, all participants of the category Psilocybe share a few key determining factors that can help in their identification.

  • They all bruise with an azure-bluish color when taken care of or damaged, as a result of oxidation of the compound psilocin at the site of influence.
  • They all have a thin gelatinous shroud, known in mycological terms as a “pellicle,” that divides the cap (or pileus) from the stem (or stipe). In maturity, this veil typically disintegrates, leaving a dark area (annular zone) on the stem.
  • They all have a thin gelatinous shroud, known in mycological terms as a “pellicle,” that divides the cap (or pileus) from the stem (or stipe). In maturity, this veil typically disintegrates, leaving a dark area (annular zone) on the stem.
  • They all have dense gills on the bottom of the cap (or pileus) and also a glossy or smooth film outside of the cap.
    They all have a hygrophanous nature (meaning pigmentation adjustments with the state of hydration).

Psilocybin-Containing Shroom Types

The varying Psilocybe species have a much longer as well as a lot more intensive taxonomical history than the relatively recent differences among strains. The very first reliable recorded situation of Psilocybe drunkenness took place in 1799, when a male chose several semilanceata from the shores of the Thames River in London, as well as prepared a dish for his family members with them. This surprise trip stimulated the category of a new types of mushroom, which was positioned in the genus Agaricus, then moved to Psilocybe in 1871. For the function of continuing to be succinct, this write-up concentrates on the four varieties most typically discovered in North America.

P. semilanceata

P. semilanceatas, frequently described as “Liberty Caps,” are just one of one of the most extensive, powerful, and also commonly-recognized participants of the Psilocybe category. They are quickly appreciable by their conical-bell-shaped cap which holds its form throughout the life process, dissimilar to most various other Psilocybe shrooms whose caps squash in maturity. They are likewise, on average, smaller sized than various other types, commonly with a slim, extended, rather fragile-looking stem, as well as a spear-shaped cap from which the name “semilanceata” (meaning “spear-shaped” in Latin) originates from.

Examining done by mycologists Paul Stamets as well as Jochen Gartz placed Liberty Caps as the 3rd most powerful Psilocybe species, with an incredibly high focus of psilocybin, reduced concentration of psilocin, and also moderate levels of baeocystin. The high concentration of psilocybin usually brings about semilanceata mushrooms generating a really aesthetic experience that likewise lasts longer than those of various other species, as a result of the body having to break down this psilocybin right into psilocin before the effects are felt.

P. cyanescens

P. cyanenscens are an additional respected types of mushroom that can be discovered worldwide, however are believed to have come from The United States and Canada. They are noticeably more mycorrhizal than various other species, suggesting they require rotting wood in order to expand. This makes them harder to grow indoors, though that has actually not hindered their spread out into every habitable continent.

Unlike lots of various other microorganisms whose environments have actually been encroached on by human beings, these mushrooms are believed to share a symbiotic connection with urbanization. They are generally located on piles of ligneous debris or in mulched yard beds, and occasionally in huge quantities surpassing 100,000 mushrooms in a solitary spot.

They can be determined by the undulating edges of their caps, and also aside from this wavy cap, have aesthetic characteristics fairly similar to P. cubensis– thick stems and caps that start rounded or bell-shaped as well as flatten (sometimes also ending up being convex) in maturity. In spite of their aesthetic similarity to P. cubensis, they are substantially much more potent than their even more typical brethren, on average containing 30 to 60 percent extra psilocybin, similar concentrations of baeocystin, and slightly much less psilocin. The experience occasioned by taking P. cyanescens is mostly similar to that of P. cubensis, though with significantly escalated visuals (an outcome of greater psilocybin concentration).

P. azurescens

P. azurescens are the rarest, most powerful, and most recently-discovered Psilocybe varieties. Comparable to numerous other mushrooms, they were found by entertainment mycology enthusiasts (a team of Boy Scouts, actually enough). This possible to find a completely new species is most certainly among the attractive residential properties of mycology (the research study of mushrooms) and exists whenever one embarks on a mushroom-hunting experience.

To date, over 120,000 varieties of fungis have been found, as well as this number is constantly growing. Unlike other Psilocybe types, P. azurescens are just found in the Pacific Northwest area of The United States and Canada and lug the highest concentration of psilocybin out of all members of the genus. Because of extremely high psilocybin levels, they generate brilliant hallucinations, intense amplification of emotions, as well as in some cases even temporary paralysis.

P. cubensis

Generally when a person speaks about “magic mushrooms” or “shrooms,” they are describing P. cubensis. The natural geographic range of this species is limited to tropical and sub-tropical areas, however they can be (fairly) quickly grew inside your home, making them the most popular as well as most quickly accessible “magic mushrooms.” Numerous internet sites also provide mushroom expand packages, which are legal in several countries, as mushroom spores do not consist of psilocybin. Other sites go even beyond the law to use dried out mushrooms as well as microdose pills.

P. cubensis mushrooms frequently have thick, dense stems and huge, broad caps. They additionally enlarge than most other types, although this is likely as a result of generations of genetic isolation. This species provides the timeless psychedelic mushroom effects of euphoria, sensations of love and unity, introspection, philosophical ideation, synesthesia, aesthetic enhancement, and also a less ego-influenced point of view.

types of psychedelic mushrooms
Results of this graph from Paul Stamets: Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World.

As a result of the relative convenience of growing (a minimum of, those not requiring rotting timber or dung to grow), the vast bulk of identified strains all drop under the umbrella of the P. cubensis varieties. Although the exact number is tough to identify, and also brand-new strains are continually being produced, mycologists approximate that there are around 150 definitely identifiable P. cubensis strains. This short article can not perhaps cover them all, so we will certainly focus on 3 of one of the most popular strains. If you have an interest in diving additionally into the differences amongst strains, have a look at Psilopedia.ca which provides the widest magazine of P. cubensis strains online.

Golden Teacher

One of the most popular types of psychedelic mushrooms in the world was first classified in the late ’80s, and ever since, the name Golden Educator has actually come to be nearly ubiquitous with psilocybin mushrooms. Golden Educator mushrooms are medium to big in size and commonly include a distinctive triangular bump in the facility of their gold caramel-colored caps. It is a reasonably powerful strain ideal for starting shroom psychonauts, one that uses a subtly a lot more spiritual, introspective touch to the experience, in addition to sensations of ecstasy and uncontrollable laughter. This makes Great Educator well matched for both social entertainment usage as well as restorative or medical applications.

Penis Envy

Penis Envy P. cubensis has a fascinating history. It is theorized the strain was separated from Amazonian P. cubensis (one more prominent strain) by famous ethnobotanist and also psychonaut Terence McKenna. Since Mckenna’s initial seclusion, numerous variations of Penis Envy have consequently been developed, such as Albino Penis Envy and Uncut Penis Envy. Every one of these variants have qualities which are clearly distinct from various other P. cubensis strains, consisting of substantially higher potency (30 to 50 percent); exceptionally thick, dense stems; as well as pale, underdeveloped caps– making them somewhat resemblant of the body organ for which they were called. They are recognized to generate an experience loaded with deep thoughtful ideations as well as extreme sensations of ecstasy. Penis envy is known as one of the strongest types of psychedelic mushrooms.

Blue Meanie

This strain was among the very first to be categorized, and also is believed to be the mushroom referred to by R. Gordon Wasson in the famous LIFE Publication write-up “Looking for the Magic Mushroom” which promoted psilocybin mushrooms throughout Western cultures. Its name comes from the village of Huautla De Jiménez in Oaxaca, Mexico where Wasson’s experience took place. Huautla are typically medium-sized mushrooms of modest strength that sporate very heavily, frequently transforming the caps purple-black with spores. The Blue Meanie is on of the types of psychedelic mushrooms to reliably evoke emotionally meaningful experiences permeated with extreme feelings of love as well as unity, in addition to a sense of connection with nature as well as deep space as a whole.

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